Cytogenetics is characterized as the investigation of chromosomal structure, chromosome area and capacity in cells. Present day cytogenetic methodologies are empower to decisively name the chromosomal area of any quality utilizing distinctive shaded specks, inspect cells from a tissue (even tumor cells), distinguish cells that have lost or picked up a particular chromosome and decide if particular locales of chromosomes have been lost or picked up while never taking a gander at the chromosomes under a magnifying instrument.

The worldwide atomic cytogenetics showcase measure was evaluated at USD 1.5 billion of every 2016. In the present situation, cytogenetic examination goes past straightforward examination of chromosomal status of genome. This has quickened the investigation of chromosomal changes that are associated with illness pathogenesis, three-dimensional association of the human genome, and nature of acquired disorders.